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Precisely the sum of its parts.

Model: M2-2

Philosophy and Concept: We measure time precisely.

Observing the last 200 years of horological history, great things have been accomplished. Micromechanical miracles have emblazoned our wrists and vest pockets. Quartz oscillators have managed the more robust tasks of timekeeping, and some even now keep their time over the internet. But despite these innovations, one thing is apparent: None of the watches we use day–in and day–out actually run accurately. Even top–of–the–line mechanical watches have an off–set of two seconds at the end of the day. If they are not reset weekly, by the end of the month, you might miss your

train. Quartz watches are more reliable, yet achieve far from what is technologically possible. And the internet connection for time verification becomes much less reliable in most parts of the world as soon as we leave the urban space. We believe a watch should measure the time as accurately as possible. Therefore, we have equipped our M–Series watches with everything that is necessary to ensure precise timekeeping, and incidentally created a world–timer that does not let you miss a moment anymore (and also not the train).

The learning movement

A MORGENWERK receives its atom-precise time signal from GPS satellites. Thermocompensated quartz crystals, shielded from external influences, keep their clock extremely precise. In addition, a learning software developed by us observes the minimal deviation with which each individual watch works. The learned parameters are converted by the artificial intelligence of the movement

to correct the deviations and thus compensate the errors of the respective quartz in a tailor-made way. Like this, a MORGENWERK remains uniquely close to the passage of time. Expressed in figures, this means a minimum deviation of up to +/- 0.75 seconds per year.

Intelligent compensation

Thermo–compensated quartz ocsillators are not a new invention, yet there are ones of quality and then less accurate versions. For our MORGENWERK timepieces, we use solely the oscillators of quality, not ending there with striving to achieve an ideally–functioning clockwork. We are the first makers of chronometers that add an additional component to control the chronomatic aberration: artificial intelligence that maps the frequency of the clocking oscillators. The learning processor compares the atomic time signal received from a GPS satellite during a time sync of the watch and the time

given by the watch's oscillators. From this difference, correcting parameters are recognised to compensate the quartz. By repeating this practice, the AI is able to reach a maximum accuracy for each individual movement. Through this process, a MORGENWERK accomplishes with only eight synschronisations per year, a minimal aberration of up to +/- 0.75 seconds.

Stress resistant torque release

Our timepieces exceed the industry standard for shock resistance in watches ISO 1413 by a wide margin. This certified test simulates the impact of dropping the watch from the height of one meter onto a hard surface. But we know that with everyday usage, collision forces can be much higher. A watch worn on your wrist that experiences the momentum of your arm scraping by a door frame, sustains higher impacts than the ISO–test provides. Regular watches suffer impact stress to their movements in a way that compromises their longevity. They simply take whatever hits

them until they fail. In a MORGENWERK, the movement is equipped with a torque release system that prevents the need for untimely repairs. As soon as the watch exceeds the tolerable range of stress on impact, the gears release themselves temporarily from their static positions. Afterwards, the released hands can be calibrated with an integrated function of the watch. This allows for less mechanical wear and tear and a much longer lifespan of its parts.

Custom–made movement

Naturally one would assume that high–end watch manufacturers would not only turn their watch cases and cut the hands and dials themselves, but would custom–produce all their parts. Specialists of the trade know that this is only the case with a select group of watch manufacturers. It is the industry's norm to purchase complete movements, as well as parts from certified manufacturers in Switzerland, Japan, and other countries. And there is no shame in doing so as watchwearers can only benefit from

proven manufacturing standards. But due to the complex architecture and technology that makes a MORGENWERK, it was necessary to produce a completely custom–developed movement. The result is a complex fabric of high–tech components that we have assembled into a truely unique drive. A MORGENWERK movement is always one–of–a–kind and is only manufactured by us, thus the caliber of a true MORGENWERK.

GPS Satellite time synchronization

GPS satellites are equipped with Rubidium–based atomic clocks in order to dertermine time as accurately as possible. Absolute accurate timekeeping is essential for the position calculation process of GPS navigation systems. The satellite time signals can be read by corresponding receivers. MORGENWERK timepieces are equipped with passive GPS antennae, and therefore receive their reference time signal from the satellite atomic clocks, at best under the open sky and everywhere in the world. In detail, through GPS reception, the watch receives signals from up to six satellites from which the least distorted are chosen to calculate the reference time.

If the GPS reception is inhibited, as in indoor spaces, the watch through its sophisticated quartz movement remains accurate and continues to show the precise time until the next sync with the satellite is performed. This method nullifies the necessity of setting the watch manually, as such precision could never be performed by human hands anyway. Further GPS satellite signals have the benefit of being received anywhere in the world. The day–to–day suitability of radio–synchronization systems, such as seen in radio watches, is far exceeded with GPS.

Lithium–ion batteries

All MORGENWERK timepieces take their driving power from lithium–ion batteries of the latest generation. These accumulators have a high capacity and a short charging period along with having a very low discharge. To fully charge lasts no longer than three hours. The gained energy will then drive

a movement for up to eight months. With approximately 500 lifetime charging cycles, a MORGENWERK battery lasts far beyond 100 years before a new one is needed.

Digital Temperature Compensated Crystal Oscillator (DTCXO)

The MORGENWERK caliber uses piezoelectic crystal for its clocking medium. These crystal oscillators normally react to their ambient temperature. As the temperature changes, the crystal oscillations will vary, and with that, the rate with which time is calculated will either speed up or slow down. MORGENWERK timepieces are equipped with thermo–

compensated quartz oscillators that deviate from the temperature range much less than ordinary quartz. Digital technology levels out fluctuations of the ambient temperature and maintains the oscillating frequency as consistently as possible. Through this technology, the time of a MORGENWERK timepiece is its most accurate.

Bi-directional gears

Instead of mechanically–fixed linked hands, our MORGENWERK timepieces use processor controlled hands. This allows not only for an accurate indication of measured time to the index of the dial, but also allows for quick adjustments of other indicators such as the date and the timezone. Conventional electronically guided movements move only in one direction, the proverbial »clockwise«. The MORGENWERK caliber is different.

To prevent delays and inaccuracies, our hands move bi–directional, or in two directions. In the M1 and M2 models, we have separated the second hand from the hour and minute hands. In the M3, the minute hand from the hour hand. In doing so, we have created even shorter distances for the hands to move, therefore exerting less energy for them to reach their destination.

All time zones at the push of a button

A true world clock is able to show all local times. In this regard, a MORGENWERK watch is 39 timepieces in one. Of course, there are only 24 time zones in one–hour intervals on this planet. But for geographic and political reasons, some countries have their own time zone shifted by half an hour, or in some cases, 15 minutes from their neighbors. As a result, we end up with 39 different time zones. Changing a MORGENWERK to your

local time is easy. Originating from UTC, the time zone of the Greenwich Observatory near London, the desired time zone is added or subtracted by the push of a button. With our M1 and M2 models, the required scales to accomplish this are engraved directly on the watch's bezel. On our M3 models, they are shown on the digital display.

Perpetual calendar

As you would expect from a complex timepiece like the MORGENWERK, our watches also feature a date display. To fulfill the expectations of a perpetual calendar, our watches not only show the correct day count of

each month, but a MORGENWERK also recognizes the quadrennial return of the leap year as well as adjusting accordingly to the centuries to come.

Leap second adjust

The astronomic time scale (UT1) is calculated by the rotation of the earth against reference points in space. It is the foundation of all timekeeping. But the rotation of the earth is not constant and subject to fluctuations. Consequently, the length of each year differs from the preceding one. In currently produced watches, the clocking medium calculates seconds strictly as a constant. That does not go along well with the deviations of the earth's rotation. Discrepancies are unavoidable and need to be corrected in irregular intervals. In order to correct the natural deviations of the world time (UTC) displayed on a watch to correspond with the astronomic time (UT1), the leap second was then in the early '70s introduced. Since this

introduction, a leap second has been either added or subtracted in irregular intervals to the UTC–time to correct this discrepancy. MORGENWERK movements are orientating themselves at the atomic measured GPS time, not recognizing the deviations in the earth's rotation, and clocking the second scientifically as a constant as well. Since the corrected time information cannot be received directly from the satellite clocks, it has to be downloaded in the form of an information protocol from the satellite. MORGENWERK watches use an integrated function to download the corrected protocols at the push of a button, and then adjusts the internal clock accordingly.


Super-LumiNova is an inorganic nightglow pigment that illuminates the indexes and hands of your MORGENWERK in dark conditions. Using our M1-X PERRARUS model, we have even coated the entire dial, sparing the minute and hour indexes through a technically-advanced process.

The result is an almost eccentric, yet sophisticated appearance. Chemically this »wonderpaint« is made from strontium aluminate, a phosphorescent based on an alkaline-aluminate, which is notably neither radioactive nor toxic.


The fluoroelastomers used in our watch straps are part of a group of carbon–based terpolymers. They can be distinguished by their high allotment of fluoride, which in turn ensures high chemical durability and strong temperature invariance. Even at low temperatures of -20°C (-4°F), our straps maintain a sufficient flexibility and can continue to be used at temperatures beyond 200°C (400°F). Fluorocarbon resists mineral oils and oil–based lubricants, aliphatic, aromatic and particularly chlorinated hydro-

carbons, gasoline, diesel fuels, silicone oils, other types of lubricants, and even ozone. Furthermore, it is usable in high vacuum applications, a trait originally developed for use in the aeronautical engineering industry. Its very low compression set also offers advantageous aging properties. Rest assured, you may pass on your MORGENWERK to future generations without the worries of changing the strap to often.

Titanium carbide coating

We are treating the surface of our MORGENWERK watch case and metal bracelets to increase their refractiveness against scratches and corrosion. Therefore, we use stoichiometric pure titanium carbide that is applied through an ion–plating process (condensation of a material vapor in a partial vacuum) onto our cases.

The gross hardness grade of the surface exceeds 1000 HV (Vickers) and protects your MORGENWERK against traces of everyday usage. Because of the softer base material of the cases, spalling or chipping of the coating upon extreme impact cannot be entirely prevented.